While we all have heard about someone we know suffering from a thyroid disorder, it’s time we brush up our knowledge of thyroid symptoms. American Thyroid Association commemorate World Thyroid Day every year to raise awareness about thyroid globally. But what does the thyroid do?
Well, butterfly-shaped organ release hormones to regulate body metabolism-the rate at which the body produces energy from nutrients and oxygen. It affects important body functions of our body, such as energy level and heart rate.
According to the National Library of Medicine, about 12% of people will experience an abnormal thyroid function at some point during their lives. Interestingly, they also claim that women are eight times more likely to develop thyroid problems than men.
High or low levels of thyroid hormone can be too much work or slow down metabolism and cause hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (high thyroid levels).
Here are some of the symptoms of a thyroid disorder should be aware of:
1. Sudden weight gain or loss
A sudden change in weight for reasons not yet explained is one of the most common sign of thyroid disorders. In hypothyroidism, weight suddenly even when the calorie intake is constant may indicate low levels of thyroid hormone.
However, if you begin to lose weight suddenly, then it is a signal that the thyroid gland produces more hormones than your body needs-which occurs in the case of hyperthyroidism.
So, if the numbers on your weighing scale seems suddenly fluctuates, you need to look beyond lifestyle changes-such as diet and exercise-and bring it to your doctor.
2. Swelling in your neck
One of the most visible sign that something is wrong with your thyroid gland swelling or enlargement at the neck. A goiter swelling or can be caused by hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It can also be caused by thyroid cancer or nodules that grow within the thyroid gland. So, if you ever notice swelling, you should get immediate medical inspected.
3. Changes in heart rate
Since abnormal thyroid function can have a direct impact on our hearts, we must be aware of our heart rate ticked on. While people with hypothyroidism may notice their heart rate to get slower than usual, alternative hyperthyroidism can cause the heart to speed up.
If you feel that your heart has started pounding without any physical activity or excitement or a sudden increase in blood pressure, please consult with your doctor.
4. Sudden change in your mood and energy
One of the noticeable effects of a thyroid disorder is a change in our mood and energy levels. Feeling tired, sluggish, and depressed are signs of hypothyroidism.
On the other hand, if you begin to feel anxious, restless, irritable, or have trouble sleeping, then you may be suffering from hyperthyroidism.
5. Experiencing hair loss
healthy thyroid function helps regulate all cells including our hair follicles. According to the US National Library of Medicine, about 25–30% of American patients seeing a specialist for hair loss Are found to have low levels of the thyroid hormone.
While fine or brittle hair hyperthyroidism signal strength, a study found that the coarsening of hair or patchy hair loss is a sign of hypothyroidism. Although other hormonal problems can also cause hair loss unforeseen medical examination can help identify if the core problem is the damaged thyroid function.
6. Feeling constantly hot or cold
Abnormal thyroid function can affect our body’s ability to regulate body temperature. Research shows that people with hypothyroidism may often feel colder than usual. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism can make you experience hot flashes, causing excessive sweating and aversion to heat.
7. Heavy or irregular periods
According to the study, both irregular menstrual bleeding and weight associated with hypothyroidism. Although, irregular periods can also be caused by hyperthyroidism.
How though? When abnormal levels of thyroid hormones interact with hormones that control the menstrual cycle, it can disrupt the menstrual cycle and the impact of our ovaries and uterus. Since a number of reasons can cause heavy periods or irregular, you should consult with your obstetrician before coming to a conclusion.
While these symptoms seemed to indicate a thyroid disorder, here are some of the other symptoms you should look out for. Dry skin, brittle nails, numbness or tingling in the hands and / or constipation showed a low thyroid function (hypothyroidism). Or, shake hands, vision problems or diarrhea can about the symptoms high functioning thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
If you experience some of these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor.
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